Java is the 5th most used programming language among developers worldwide as of 2021. Even with technologies like Python and Node.js, Java development services continue to grow. 

Java is a simple, object-oriented programming language for building digital solutions. It is a cross-platform programming language. Java engineers also admire the technology’s capability to scale applications. 

Google, Spotify, Pinterest, Amazon, Uber, Airbnb are a few companies that extensively utilize Java application development. The constant updates keep the programming language intact and relevant for today’s enterprises and startups.

Most Used Java Versions
Source: JRebel

Java has been the choice of programming language for years. In TIOBE’s index, Java was the most popular programming language. 

However, questions arise about the efficacy of Java web development services for today’s business. Will it be able to cope with Machine Learning, AI, Data Analytics, Metaverse, and more?

Before we understand the future of Java, let us see why companies utilize Java web development and will continue to do so.

Why do Companies prefer Java Web Development in 2022? 

There are several reasons companies prefer to use Java. With the introduction of Java 8, every Java web development company is now exploring how they can benefit from the technology in better ways.

Here’s why companies still prefer Java development in 2022: 

  • Platform independent
    The biggest advantage of the Java application development process is that the programming language is platform-independent. Developers can easily compile the Java bytecode on multiple platforms like Windows, Linux, and macOS.
  • Easy to learn
    Java is one of the easiest programming languages to learn. Universities and colleges teach Java as a primary programming language to students. It has a simple syntax, and developers can start coding in a couple of weeks.
  • Multithreading
    One of the strongest features of Java, multithreading enables developers to create 2 or more programs that can work concurrently. It improves the application responsiveness and also minimizes the system’s resource usage.

Java Web Development: Use Cases of the future

Java is the #1 language for DevOps, AI, VR, Big Data, Continuous Integration, Analytics, Mobile, Chatbots, and Social. With Machine Learning and Data Analytics taking center stage, Java is also progressing to meet such demands. 

Here are the top real-world use cases of the Java web programming language: 

  • Enterprise Applications
    Today, most companies need an enterprise application to streamline their operations. Java is one of the best programming languages for building SaaS products, enterprise CRM, CMS, ERP, and other systems. It enables the development of scalable applications that provide complete operational efficiency. Almost every enterprise software development company utilizes Java in its technology stack.
  • Scientific Solutions
    Java has powerful features and libraries that make it suitable for scientific applications and solutions. Java is useful for mathematical calculations, and MatLab is one of the most popular tools for that. Java is also suitable for numerical computing and other scientific development (NASA uses Java for interesting applications).
  • FinTech Applications
    As the world of FinTech progresses, enterprises look for a Java web application development company to fulfill their demand. Java offers amazing capabilities to build server-side applications in FinTech to ensure proper exchange of data between servers. It is also a highly useful technology to create FinTech solutions from scratch.
  • Big Data Solutions
    No developer can deny the usefulness of Java in Big Data. Apache Hadoop, the big data framework, is written in Java. Apache Kafka, useful for working with real-time data, is also written in Java and Scala. ElasticSearch, a powerful tool for integrating and analyzing data, also utilizes the Java programming language.
  • Machine Learning
    Java has a host of Machine Learning libraries that enable developers to build advanced AI-based applications. Deep Learning for Java (DLJ4) and Apache Spark’s MLib are the two most popular libraries for working with Machine Learning. Java is highly stable for AI solutions, even more so than Python.

The future of Java Web App: The Positive

As we saw above, there are several use cases of Java in the modern tech world. From AI to enterprise applications, Java offers amazing capabilities in technology advancement. 

Experts and developers speak differently about Java. The general opinion about Java Virtual Machine is positive. It is a great development environment with lots of tools to build high-quality solutions. 

  • Java is also ready for the cloud with new garbage collectors and thread implementations. Today, most companies can easily work with every Java web application development framework over the cloud.
  • Another good thing about Java is that it is excellent for microservices. It will remain a long-term leader because of its capabilities in developing microservices for the cloud. In such a sense, the future of Java looks completely obvious – one of growth and maturity.
  • Along with that, fast web application development for enterprise still remains a popular choice. Enterprises are heavily reliant on Java for their application needs. Therefore, the future looks bright for the programming language.

The future of Java Web App: The Challenge

Developers and Java experts also see certain challenges in the years to come. While Java is a great programming language, it might face defeat at the hands of Python, Node.js, and several other advanced languages. 

Java applications do have a more complex codebase than other languages. The syntax poses limitations in terms of understanding and robustness. Therefore, even the best custom software development company might be unwilling to use Java in modern applications.

  • As technology progresses, engineers believe that Java might not get the updates that it needs to keep up with the pace of innovation. It is too big of a technology to modify and fit modern-day needs.
  • Running experiments in Java is riskier than other programming languages. When companies scale solutions, they have to think of database and application changes. Java may not be able to match the scale of such experimentation.
  • Even before Java is useful for latest advancements, the existing application maintenance will still be the focus. Therefore, it would take decades for the Java application development process to speed up and meet the pace of disruption.

Read more: A Guide to Hiring Java Developers in 2022

Wrapping Up

Java is a perfectly feasible programming language for all types of applications. In recent years, the battle between Java and other programming languages is intensifying. It is possible for Java to become a leader again, but it will take some time. Companies need to focus on how they can utilize the language to the best of their advantage. 

BoTree Technologies is a leading Java web development company that can help enterprises with their application development needs. 

Contact us today for a FREE CONSULTATION.